**Revised Answer**

(I have again misinterpreted your question, which is simpler than I had anticipated.)

This question is Problem 3.44 in Griffiths' "Introduction to Electrodynamics". A solution is given as Exercise 2 in Physics Pages using **Green's Reciprocity Theorem**, but it is not easy to understand.

In the simplified problem suggested by your author, we have 3 parallel conducting plates A, B, C. The middle plate B carries total charge $+Q$. The other two plates are either neutral or grounded.

Suppose the area of each face of each conductor is $A$ and the surface charges on the left and right faces of plate B are $+\sigma_1$ and $+\sigma_2$ where $\sigma_1+\sigma_2=\frac{Q}{A}$. The surface charges on the adjacent faces of the outer plates A, C must be $-\sigma_1, -\sigma_2$ respectively. This is because there is no electric field inside any of the conductors, so all electric field lines starting on one face of B must end on the adjacent face of A or C.

The electric field due to a plane face with surface charge density $\sigma$ is $E=\frac{\sigma}{2\epsilon_0}$. So the field between B and A is $E_1=\frac{\sigma_1}{\epsilon}$ and that between B and C is $E_2=\frac{\sigma_2}{\epsilon}$.

**Assuming plates A and C are either grounded or at the same potential,** then the potential

differences with plate B are equal : $V_{BA}=V_{BC}$ which means that $$E_1 x=E_2 (\ell-x)$$ where $\ell$ is the distance between A and C.

Using the above expressions for surface charge we get $$\sigma_1 x=\sigma_2 (\ell-x)$$ $$Q_1 x=Q_2 (\ell-x)$$ Now $Q_1+Q_2=Q$. Therefore the charges induced on A and C are $$Q_1=-\frac{\ell-x}{\ell}Q$$ $$Q_2=-\frac{x}{\ell}Q$$